Fibroids Specialist

Dr. Gigi Kroll and Dr. Zhanna Pinkus

Obstetrics, Gynecology & Wellness located in Newport Beach, CA

Most women of childbearing age will have uterine fibroids at some point in their life, but few realize it. Heavy menstrual bleeding, constipation, or frequent urination are telltale signs of these noncancerous growths, and Dr. Gigi Kroll & Dr. Zhanna Pinkus with their team at Dr. Gigi Kroll and Dr. Zhanna Pinkus in Newport Beach, California can help figure out the right treatment plan for you. If you think you may have uterine fibroids, call or book an appointment online with Dr. Gigi Kroll and Dr. Zhanna Pinkus today.

Fibroids Q & A

What are fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are benign growths on the uterus that look like small lumps, though they are noncancerous and mostly harmless.

They typically present no symptoms and are undetectable to the human eye, depending on their size.

However, if fibroids grow large enough, they can cause uncomfortable and sometimes dangerous symptoms, such as:

  • Menstrual bleeding that lasts longer than a week
  • Very heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Painful menstrual cramps
  • Pelvic pain
  • Constipation
  • Frequent urination
  • Lower back pain or pain in the back of the thighs

Large, intrusive fibroids can also interfere with normal cycles of reproduction.

When should I see a doctor?

Usually, the symptoms of uterine fibroids are mild enough that most women will never need medical attention.

Though these symptoms tend to go away on their own, it’s important to call the office if you’re experiencing the following problems:

  • Heavy bleeding or spotting between periods
  • Pelvic pain or pressure that won’t go away
  • Abnormally long periods
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Sharp abdominal pain
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Extreme lower back pain

What causes fibroids?

At this time, doctors don’t know what causes uterine fibroids, but it’s suspected that genetics, hormonal changes, and insulin-like growth factor can all contribute to fibroid growth.

Fibroids generally grow at different rates and some actually shrink and disappear on their own without additional intervention.

Some, on the other hand, go through growth spurts and may begin causing uncomfortable symptoms like pelvic pain or lower back pain.

Am I at risk for developing uterine fibroids?

There are only a few known risk factors for uterine fibroids, including genetics, race, and environmental factors like:

  • Menstruation at an early age
  • Obesity
  • Use of birth control
  • Diet high in red meat and low in fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Frequent alcohol consumption
  • Vitamin D deficiency

Are there any treatment options?

Most uterine fibroids are discovered during routine pelvic exams, though there are additional tests the doctors at Dr. Gigi Kroll and Dr. Zhanna Pinkus can offer, like an endometrial biopsy or an x-ray.

In general, your OB/GYN monitors the growth pattern of your fibroids, waiting to see if your fibroids shrink without intervention. If they don’t, she considers more intensive treatment options, which include:

  • Anti-hormonal agents
  • Conservative surgical therapy
  • Anti-inflammatory painkillers
  • Complete hysterectomy

If you think you may have fibroids and need medical attention, call Dr. Gigi Kroll and Dr. Zhanna Pinkus or book an appointment online.

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